Hinting at… Happiness?



What does a Harvard University professor have to do with flash fiction? Nothing. And everything. Or, at least, something.

I’ve thought for a long time now that good flash fiction packs a punch. It heightens emotional responses, engages readers, invites them to be a part of the story, makes them think…and keeps them thinking.

As I said in a recent guest post at D. Wallace Peach’s blog, “I want to make readers wonder what the hell just happened then decide for themselves three hours later because they can’t stop thinking about it.” Well, I’ve found a bit of scientific proof on why that could be a good thing.

Daniel Gilbert is a professor, psychologist, writer, speaker, award-winner, and all sorts of other cool stuff. He’s done numerous studies on our ability to imagine the future, anticipate outcomes, make decisions, and how all these things affect our happiness. He’s written and talked about it. A lot. You should check him out.

But what I’d like to focus on today is one study he referred to in an interview on NPR: Why We’re Bad At Predicting Our Own Happiness — And How We Can Get Better. Participants watched a movie. Some got to see the end and some did not. (I know, right? Gah!) Here’s part of the transcript:


GILBERT: Well, there’s no doubt that uncertainty can amplify emotions

We did a study in which people watched a movie. And for some of the people in our experiment, we didn’t let them watch how the movie ended. We didn’t let them see what happened to the main character. Now, if I asked you, which of these two movies would you rather see, 100 percent of the hands go up and say, I’d like to see the end of the movie, please.

But what we discovered was people who didn’t see the end of the movie liked it more, thought about it for longer, were still engaged in it and still enjoying it, even hours or days later. They didn’t see what happened to the last – the main character in the end, and so they kept wondering, gosh, I wonder if he went to college or he became a football player. What an interesting thing to be thinking about and enjoying.


Look at that: “people who didn’t see the end of the movie liked it more, thought about it for longer, were still engaged in it and still enjoying it, even hours or days later.”

You see where I’m going with this…

Flash fiction.

I know it’s not exactly the same thing but, wow, it really is similar if you think about it. I mean, you read a flash. And, although it often has a beginning, middle, and end…it hints. You finish the story with some fulfillment but with questions clinging to your brain.

A good flash story will give you enough to sink your teeth into but leave you wondering what happened before, what could happen next, what is going on around the edges of the story.

Readers might enjoy the story better when they use their imagination and creativity. Or not. Just a theory. Either way, they’ll most likely be thinking about it a bit longer, engaging a bit more, and perhaps even be a bit happier as they ponder all the possibilities.


55 thoughts on “Hinting at… Happiness?

  1. Cool study and it makes sense. There’s a certain satisfaction in reading or seeing a story through to the end, but in every case where there are hints at more beyond “the end,” I do engage a lot longer. And you’re right, I enjoy that. I think that “wanting more” is what causes book-hangovers, which most of us love! Fascinating post, Sarah. 🙂

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  2. I love the thinking behind this. We took the boys to see the Good Dinosaur when it was still in the theaters. Just as the story was building up to the climax my youngest informed me he’d gotten something in his eye which could not wait for the credits. We spent the rest of the movie in the bathroom in an attempt to wash out the mystery particle, so I never did see how the story ended. Considering I’m still thinking about it, there must be some truth to the argument.

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    • Perfect example with the Good Dinosaur movie. Your creativity is kicking in and your imagination is filling in the blanks. I guess just being left without someone showing and telling you everything, your mind takes over. It really is interesting.

      See, now I’ll be thinking about your son and if you got the thing out and, if so, where? Did he have to wait until he got home, poor thing? Or did you get it out at the theatre? How? That would have been difficult. You didn’t tell me. You said you attempted to wash it out. Now I’m wondering and assuming and thinking about all sorts of scenarios.

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  3. Someone commented on a recent Flash that it was good in its own right, but what happens next. I responded, “It’s Flash (reader’s name)…you tell me! 😉 ).
    Sounds like my instincts were spot on… 😀

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  4. Interesting. It might be a matter of expectations as well. The formula for happiness is:

    Reality – Expectations = Happiness. If reality exceeds expectations, then there